Embedded programming promotes the formation of business or consumer-facing devices that work with laptop computers and other mobile devices as opposed to traditional operating systems. The idea of embedded programming is part of the driving force of the evolution of modern equipment and appliances; it is also called embedded systems programming or embedded software development. Embedded software development involves programming the tiny computers that drive your devices and is helpful for the software design of automotive features, handheld games, small devices like thermostats and so on. Embedded software, unlike firmware, is adjusted in nature and is executed in the Random Access Memory. The future of embedded programming relies on technological advancements that bring about heavy data storage, highly interwoven connections and faster communications between the devices.
Factors defining the Future of Embedded Systems
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Pervasive (ubiquitous) computing
Ubiquitous computing is a portion of computing focusing on the interconnected communicating devices found in the things we use in our mundane lives, primarily tablets and smartphones. Sentient computing is another form of ubiquitous computing that uses various sensors to be aware of their environments and react accordingly. Research institutions and universities are working on this kind of computing’s possibilities and will soon bring us applications that communicate with each other on our device.
Intelligent devices are those that possess the ability to think; they use technology, embedded hardware and algorithms to mimic an activity that is originally only done by living things with the ability to think. A good example that has already hit the market is the simple, intelligent light bulb that creates different lighting, and you can operate it through your android app or the complex PETMAN that detects chemical leaks in protection clothing. This intelligence in devices, however, raises questions of privacy and security.
Internet of Things
The Internet of things is a technological revolution that connects physical devices such as manufacturing machines to the Internet, for example, through cloud connecting. The Internet of things is a relatively new concept that is being integrated rapidly, and businesses are quickly incorporating platforms such as Cosm that allow devices and data to be connected in new ways and OSes like Contiki that are developing apps that use the concept of the Internet of Things. Imagine if your cooking gas communicated with the satellites to know the correct temperatures and, in case of a fire, contacts the fire control agency in your area.
Cyber-physical systems make up a significant part of the Internet of Things and are backed by fast communication and robust computation. The cyber-physical systems aim to merge the cyber and physical worlds into one and can be used for tasks that require precision like the use of robotic arms, exploration in areas inaccessible to us and making our day-to-day lives more manageable. These cyber-physical systems are also helpful in exploring outer space by technology such as the Mars exploration rover. The downside of cybersecurity systems is that they are challenging to implement due to their advanced hardware and software needs, and they have issues with privacy and security.
Organic computing adds to context awareness, and its main aim is to develop intelligent systems containing self-X properties and techniques that have both endogenous and exogenous changes. These self-X properties include; self-protection, self-healing, self-optimization, self-configuration, self-support, et cetera and devices containing these properties do not need manual intervention. Examples include vehicles sent to inhabitable areas like outer space and fault-tolerant robots; they are designed to reconfigure themselves and react to new situations accordingly. However, organic computing is associated with security and ethical concerns since the level of intelligence of the self-X properties can be destructive if left unchecked.
In general, the advancements in technology will bring about the future of embedded systems that will be implemented in various aspects of our lives, such as smart agriculture such as precision farming or agriculture that maximizes output. Simultaneously, the input remains the same, intelligent transport systems such as the BigDog robot, autonomous vehicles, and the future intelligent transport system model whose aims are to increase drivers’ comfort and safety. Moreover, embedded systems will be incorporated into healthcare, making for intelligent healthcare systems, intelligent architecture, and personal assistants will also be revolutionized.
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